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Self and Management Theory
The self and family management theory was developed by Dr. Kathleen Sawin and Dr. Polly Ryan. This middle-range theory has four major constructs that include context (risk and protective factors), process (self-management), proximal outcomes, and distal outcomes. Self-management is defined as a process by which individuals and families use knowledge and beliefs, self-regulation skills and abilities, and social facilitation to achieve health-related outcomes (IFSMT, 2023).