From the reading of the PPT slides (Extra Materials) and your own external source research, answer the following:
Q1) With regards to Patient Safety and quality performance, What is Just Culture and its Error Types? explain in details
Q2) What are the most frequent Safety Issues with regards to National Patient Safety Foundation (NPSF)? explain in details
Q3) With regards to technologies used to support medication administration, what are the benefits of computerized physician order entry (CPOE)? explain in details
Please pay attention to the Assignment Grading Rubric:
- Note: Regarding Assignment 6, please incorporate “1 or more” external sources for every question answered for full points, no need to use your primary textbook for week 6. (You may use your 2nd book as an external source)
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Expert Solution Preview
Introduction: In the field of medicine, patient safety and quality performance are of utmost importance. As a medical professor, it is essential to educate students about these aspects to ensure better patient outcomes in the future. In this assignment, we will be discussing Just Culture and its Error Types, the most frequent safety issues with the National Patient Safety Foundation, and the benefits of computerized physician order entry (CPOE) as a technology used to support medication administration.
Q1) With regards to Patient Safety and quality performance, What is Just Culture and its Error Types? explain in details.
Just Culture is a system where individuals are held accountable for their actions, but the system recognizes that instances of human error are inevitable. The purpose of Just Culture is to create an environment where individuals learn from their mistakes, and the system learns from these events to improve processes. Just Culture looks at errors as an opportunity for improvement rather than as a form of punishment.
There are three types of errors within Just Culture: human error, at-risk behavior, and reckless behavior. Human error occurs when an individual makes an unintentional mistake, despite following protocol. At-risk behavior occurs when an individual recognizes a potential risk but decides to continue with the action anyway. Reckless behavior occurs when an individual purposely disregards safety protocols, even though they are aware of the risk.
Q2) What are the most frequent Safety Issues with regards to National Patient Safety Foundation (NPSF)? explain in details.
The National Patient Safety Foundation (NPSF) identifies multiple safety issues in healthcare, but the most common ones include medication errors, healthcare-associated infections (HAI), diagnostic errors, communication errors, and falls.
Medication errors occur when there is a mistake in prescribing, dispensing, administering, or monitoring medications. HAI refers to infections that patients acquire during the course of their medical treatment. Diagnostic errors occur when the diagnosis of the patient’s condition is incorrect or delayed. Communication errors occur when there is a failure to communicate important information between healthcare providers. Falls refer to injuries occur when a patient falls while in a healthcare setting.
Q3) With regards to technologies used to support medication administration, what are the benefits of computerized physician order entry (CPOE)? explain in details.
CPOE refers to the electronic entry of medication orders by the physician, which are then transmitted to the pharmacy and other departments as necessary. Some of the benefits of CPOE include improved medication safety, increased efficiency, and a reduction in errors.
CPOE reduces the risk of medication errors by reducing mistakes made during the transcription of orders from paper to digital formats. The electronic format of CPOE also allows for more efficient communication between departments and providers, which can improve medication usage and outcomes. CPOE can reduce errors by providing clinical decision support, such as alerts for allergies, drug interactions, or duplicate orders.
In conclusion, Just Culture, NPSF safety issues, and CPOE are essential aspects of patient safety and quality performance in the medical field. Understanding these concepts will ensure better healthcare outcomes for patients and improve the overall quality of care.